Interview in two parts by Graham Douglas with Prof Dr Holger Lund, in: The prisma. The Multicultural Newspaper, 06, June 2022 and 13, June 2022.

Government agreements facilitate exploitation by business interests and provide a source of income to the country exporting its workers. Religion, racism and language problems are useful tools to stop migrants demanding their rights, with echoes of colonialism. Historical events in both countries can have unexpected impacts.

The story of the Turkish immigrant community in Germany offers many insights into how migrant communities survive and resist racism and economic exploitation.

Cultural activities can be suppressed to facilitate economic exploitation, and yet they also provide innovative solutions for the migrant community: in this case through music production.
(Graham Douglas)